Under the Drug Abuse Treatment Act (DATA) of 2000 for opiate dependence for which only a physician can prescribe, the first narcotic drug available is Suboxone which is (buprenorphine with naloxone) Methadone is available to be dispensed at only a few detox centers and there are not enough treatment centers available. Suboxone is for maintenance treatment of opioid addiction and naloxone in the formulation is to deter intravenous misuse and reduce the symptoms of opiate dependence
Suboxone is only used for treatment in adults and young people over 16 years of age. Addiction in North America is three times the number of addicts as Europe, which has 1.1 million addicts. The treatment of suboxone is in the form of a tablet, which is only placed under the tongue until it is completely dissolved. It cannot be sucked or chewed as it has no value to the addict if administered in any way but under the tongue.
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Even though suboxone is intended for maintenance use, it can be used for detoxification. Maintenance therapy with suboxone works well with an older person who was on drugs but now wants to work at a job and be stable again. That older individual usually has failed at detoxification before and doesn’t want the daily cravings of his old addiction. Suboxone is so successful that cravings immediately disappear and the person can go on with his old lifestyle.
The manufacturer of suboxone, Reckitt-Benckiser, works with other agencies along with the FDA in an in-depth risk-management plan. The manufacturer and pharmacies send the FDA quarterly reports in order for the FDA to maintain a comprehensive surveillance program reporting any abuse involving the drug. There are many agencies monitoring drug use.
DRUG ABUSE WARNING NETWORK (DAWN) actually gathers data from emergency rooms related to illicit use of drugs or non-medical use of a legal drug. DAWN is run by (SAMHSA), Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
Reported side effects are: